Most pre-consumer fabric waste occurs at the cutting stage of garment production. Cutting waste may be greatly decreased if it can be simplified or enhanced.

Textile waste is split into two categories: pre-consumer and post-consumer. Fabric selvages and leftover fabric scraps are examples of pre-consumer waste created on factory floors during cutting and clothing creation. Used clothing, towels, bedsheets, carpets, rugs, upholstery, and other textile goods contribute post-consumer trash.

This article focuses on applying inventive patterns or performance techniques to reduce pre-consumer waste in industrial units. It also includes a few companies and designers who have taken sustainability to new heights by manufacturing new clothing entirely from pre-consumer waste fabric scraps.

Textile Waste Recycling Options
Composting
•    Increased knowledge of the detrimental harm of non-biodegradable synthetics has given producers various opportunities to examine degradable/compostable textiles in recent years various products are now designed to be returned to nature at the end of their useful lives.
•    The order of the day is non-woven and disposals. Industrial research that focuses on materials that are purely natural in origin and can dissolve completely when thrown in landfills at the end of their life cycle will be profitable. Both natural and regenerated fibers can be processed using this technology.
•    Biodegradable polymers based on PLA are currently accessible. PLA (Polylactic acid) is a polymer made from maize. Natural fibers' antibacterial capabilities are enhanced and used in medical textiles. This fabric is compostable/degradable when thrown away in a landfill.
•    Several projects are underway to mix chemical-free post-industrial waste into composts and bio-manure on plants. Microbes can enrich and strengthen the medium, making it more nutrient-rich for soil, plants, and water bodies.
•    When natural fibers are sliced into smaller pieces and discarded, they swiftly dissolve. According to the method, natural fibers may assist reduce vehicle weight and increasing economy, which is popular in the interior design and automobile sectors.
•    Biodegradable bags are now being produced by Package Textiles, which previously focused on research and commercial possibilities with ecologically friendly textile materials. Natural fibers of the tiniest size, woven into non-wovens, can be used to make carry bags that can be used to replace waste. Toxic textile effluents are treated with microorganisms and formed to make sure that the disposal is being done safely.

Regeneration
Reclaimed/recycled fibers can make mattresses, cleaning cloths, and wadding. Regeneration is renewing fiber from a natural source by employing heat and chemicals. The trees are chopped, and then the chopped divided into tiny particles, which are then chemically treated and spun into a filament for textiles at high temperatures and pressures. These are employed in the production of long-lasting fabrics.
Non-woven technology

Non-woven textiles are made by joining extremely small strands together using heat, glue, chemicals, and iron to form a textile-like material. A systematic fiber length and fabric development are not possible due to the heterogeneity of recycled fibers. Non-woven materials can therefore be beneficial. This approach employs composites, which mix fiber and polymer matrix combined under heat and pressure to produce a compressed medium suitable for agro, construction, geo, acoustics, and filtration textiles.

Technical textiles
•    Composite technology is also evolving with FRP (fiber reinforced polymers) manufactured from recyclable resources. To make recycled fibers, the bulk of thermoplastic fibers, such as polyester and polyamide, will be melted and transformed into granules.
•    Natural fibers can also be used to make composites. Pineapple fibers are used for reinforcement. Coir, basalt, kenaf, hemp, bamboo, flax, jute, sisal, areca nut, and banana fibers are becoming increasingly popular. In non-woven production, they can also melt and retain the fundamental matrix of textile material. These recycled materials have a lot of potential as insulating materials.
•    Previously, textiles were manufactured and then assessed for suitability for a certain end-use, with the best results being transformed into the intended product. Fiber selection, yarn characteristics, and functional finishing, on the other hand, are chosen and applied according to the features required in the final product.
•    Technical textiles, or Technitex, are now shown as a giant banyan tree, with the main bark linking all application zones. Recycled textiles are used for filtration. Recycled fibers are used in automobile interiors, agricultural textiles, geotextile reinforcement, acoustics, building construction textiles, upholstery, package textiles, and food packaging materials.

Papermaking alternatives
•    It's worth noting that old fabrics are used to manufacture papers when it comes to recycling old clothes. This is a time-honored technique for making high-quality paper. The eco-friendly paper industry is expanding as more people realize that waste textiles may be binding material.
•    The cris crossed binding of the handmade paper is created from biomass, agricultural waste, and discarded cotton fabrics. This is critical because it reduces the stress of deforestation. Deforestation is responsible for up to 25% of carbon emissions. Teabags, tote bags, envelopes, and book pages are all made from recycled fibers originally used in the production of paper.
•    In contrast to upcycling, Down cycling refers to items that are made with a lower value than typical. It uses less energy than traditional papermaking methods. As a wealthy individual, you do not use poisonous chlorine.
•    The paper quality is also significantly higher, up to 70% better than the other category papers, which make up just 35% of the total. Because the materials recovered have already been dyed, we may cut dye use by applying recycling technology. There is a considerable amount of unused post-consumer textiles that have a lot of potential for recycling and usage in various technology textiles.